Speech and Language Development Milestones – 3 years old

Year Level: Early Years

A fact sheet which details speech and language developmental milestones for 3 year olds.

Designed by speech and language pathologists, the speech and language milestone sheets provide a list of typical milestones that should be attained by specific ages. In the event that a child is not demonstrating what is expected for their age, it is recommended that a speech pathologist is consulted. The sheets also include specific causes for concern and suggestions for parents within the home.

While PLD no longer offers a clinic, the following download may be useful when seeking specific information from the school or the early childhood service for the speech pathologist: Observations of a student to accompany a referral to a SP. The following implementation booklet outlines how PLD speech pathology designed programs can be applied to schools. Refer to pages 7, 11, 12 and 18.

Download the other Speech and Language Development Milestones below:

Additional parent education playlists are located at: https://www.youtube.com/user/pldliteracy/playlists

  • Speech and Language Development Milestones - 3 years old
    3 Year Old Comprehension Questions Progress Check

    A screen of comprehension ability focusing on Blank Level 1 and Level 2 questions.

    The Comprehension Questions screens can be used to assess a child’s progress with the comprehension programs or to allow for the identification of areas of

  • Speech and Language Development Milestones - 3 years old
    Oral Language Concept Development – Ages 2 – 6

    A milestone and information sheet which outlines the timeline for developing oral language concepts in children aged 2 to 6 years.

    A downloadable poster covering the oral language developmental stages from aged 2 through to age 6. See our Copyright Terms of Use at https://pld-literacy.org/help-pages/copyright-policy/.

  • Speech and Language Development Milestones - 3 years old
    Speech Sound Development – Ages 3 to 8

    The milestone poster/sheet details the age related milestones for speech sound development in children aged 3 to 8 years.

    Many parents, early childhood workers and teachers will wonder if a child speech is normal. Most children’s speech becomes clearer gradually as they hear and

  • Speech and Language Development Milestones - 3 years old
    Ages and Stages of Literacy Development – Ages 3 – 12

    A fact sheet which identifies age related milestones for literacy development in children from 3 years of age. Included are decoding and spelling skill checklists for Stage 1 (or Year 1) through to Stage 5 (or Year 5).

    Many parents wonder if their child’s reading skills are developing at the normal rate. While there are individual differences, there is a general progression of

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  • Developing News Telling and Narrative Skills For 4 Year Olds
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    Speech and Language Development Milestones - 3 years old

    Oral language preparation for writing including show and tell, activity retells & news telling.

    Initially, all four-year-olds will require support with activity retells. However if after a period of teaching they appear anxious or produce inadequate information then they may need additional support and repetition to further develop their skills. That’s why we have created Developing News Telling and Narrative Skills for 4-Year-Olds. For students with delayed language it is recommended that concrete visual aids are used to assist in the organisation and sequence of the news telling. Initially, the retells will need to occur directly after the activity, this way the materials are still present to be used as visual cues and the sequence is relatively fresh. Before commencing the activity it is recommended that the task is demonstrated step by step and explained using the language that is to be targeted in the retelling by the students. This program has been developed by Speech Pathologists for use in the classroom or home instruction, to help parents and teachers instruct 4-year-olds oral language skills in the following areas: activity retells, show and tell (or object descriptions) and event-based news. Includes: Instructions for how to implement at a whole class, small group and individual level. Pre-tests and post tests-to review progress and to determine the children who would benefit from visits to a Speech Pathologist Supporting cards and posts included Instruction manual (78 pages) 3 sets of A5 colour cards 5 x A3 colour posters There is a follow on resource for this series, for more check out Developing News Telling and Narrative Skills for 5 Year Olds here. This publication is mentioned within the ‘Whole School Literacy Strategy’ booklet on page 8.

  • Semantic Scenes and Questioning – Set 1
    From $65.00$65.00 incl. GST
    Speech and Language Development Milestones - 3 years old

    A school-based or home-based program designed to equip teachers and parents of 3-4 year old children with activities that will develop semantic knowledge.

    Semantic Scenes and Questioning – Set 1 is designed to equip teachers and parents of 3-4 year old children with activities that will develop semantic knowledge. A good grasp of semantics broadens a child’s understanding of the meaning of words, which then helps them to understand what they hear or read and also helps them to express exactly what they want to say. A child who is struggling with semantics will be the child who: Can’t stay on the topic of simple story or news telling, but goes off on unrelated tangents. Takes a long time to think of particular words they want to use in conversation. Uses non specific vocabulary such as ‘that’ ‘there’ ‘this one’. Has difficulty sorting items into groups, describing them, and finding differences and similarities. Has difficulty understanding instructions that include time vocabulary such as ‘before’ ‘after’ ‘first’ etc. ‘Semantics’ refers to the meaning of sentences and words and how words relate to one another. That is, whether words belong in groups or categories together (e.g. Apples and oranges and pears are all fruit), whether they are similar to each other, or different and the features they have e.g. Size, shape and colour. Another way to think of semantics is like a network or web. Each word we speak or read has a place in this web. Each word has other words linked to it, some closely related and some distantly related. Each word belongs to several groups, some big and some small and each word has a definition that sets it apart from other words that are similar. Some words are related by the fact that they are actually opposites! All this information surrounding words is what we aim to teach young children about the vocabulary that is appropriate to their stage of development and life experience. Semantics is one facet of oral language. Given that oral language is not only a strong predictor of academic and social success but also a necessary requirement for good mental health, it is important that parents and teachers have the skills and resources needed to facilitate the development of oral language in young children. The aim of this program is to train parents and teachers to structure and facilitate developmentally appropriate semantic activities for 3 to 4 year old children. This program provides: Semantic activities and accompanying picture resources. Examples of appropriate and inadequate responses for 3-4 year old children. Techniques and strategies to implement when a child provides an inadequate answer. Features: Colour thematic picture scenes include the zoo, transport, at home, food, school, toys, Australian animals, clothes, under the sea and birthday party. Specific semantic questioning is outlined for each picture scene. Examples of appropriate and inadequate responses for 3-4 year old children. Techniques and strategies are outlined when a child provides an inadequate answer. This publication is mentioned within the Whole School Literacy Strategy booklet on page 8. See Semantic Scenes and Questioning – Set 2 HERE.

  • 10 Minute Language Games – Set 1
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    Speech and Language Development Milestones - 3 years old

    Developing vocabulary and the ability to speak in sentences.

    Designed by speech pathologists for teachers and parents, 10 Minute Language Games – Set 1 for 3 to 5 year olds presents numerous short fast paced games and activities that are fun and engaging and which facilitate: Vocabulary expansion Practice retrieving theme-based vocabulary from children’s ‘mental dictionaries’ The application of theme-based vocabulary to categorising and description tasks Examples of age-appropriate and non-age appropriate answers   Children with language and semantic delays will often have: Gaps in their vocabulary. Difficulty retrieving their vocabulary from their mental dictionaries. Children with vocabulary retrieval problems will inconsistently retrieve appropriate words (e.g. on occasions they will label ‘lion’ appropriately and on other occasions, the labels ‘tiger or leopard’ will be used.) Other children may demonstrate relatively age-appropriate vocabularies but are non- automatic in the retrieval of the appropriate words. These children typically require additional ‘think’ or processing time.   Activity 1 – Naming and Speaking in Single Words: The vocabulary-based games are fun and engaging ways to rehearse the labelling of common category based items. Activity 2 – Sorting and Speaking in Short Sentences: In the sorting tasks children are given the opportunity to become familiar with the characteristics that best describe the pictured items. Activity 3 – Describing and Connecting Several Sentences Together: In the describing tasks children are given the opportunity to give clues and therefore describe the pictured items.   Each theme has 3 activity cards and 24 colour vocabulary cards. We recommend introducing the themes in the following order: Food Things You Wear Farm Animals Things that Take You Places Toys Around the Home

  • Comprehension Questions for 3 Year Olds
    From $65.00$65.00 incl. GST
    Speech and Language Development Milestones - 3 years old

    A home or school picture book program for 3 year olds. 

    From the age of two, children should have a vocabulary of approximately 50 words and a sentence length of 2 to 3 words. Put simply, from a young age children should be very verbal. More importantly, they should love to engage with their peers and adults. Therefore, the ability to understand questions is critical for participation in social interactions and success across all curriculum areas. Comprehension Questions for 3 Year Olds has been developed as an essential resource for Oral Language Development. At this age, the level of questions are literal and based on what is in front of the child. For example: What is it? What part is this called? Who is this? Find one like this? What colour/size/shape is it? What does it taste/feel/smell like? Designed for teachers and parents for use in schools, daycare and in the home this program provides parents and teachers of 3 year olds with: Lists of developmentally appropriate picture books and comprehension questions. Samples of 3 year old age appropriate answers and samples of inadequate 3 year old answers. Techniques and strategies to implement when a child provides an inadequate answer. An instruction booklet that outlines how the resource can be presented to a whole class, small groups or individual home setting. 35 cards that model appropriate questions and responses for the books listed in the Recommended Books For 3 year Olds such as ‘Spot Can Count’, ‘My Pet’, ‘The Very Hungry Caterpillar’, and ‘We’re Going on a Bear Hunt’ Following repeated reading of picture books the cards outline a collection of questions to be presented. The questions focus primarily upon Blank (level 1 and 2 questions). Two easy to administer progress checks; are included, to check on the acquisition of comprehension questioning ability. The other programs within the range include: Comprehension Questions for 3 year olds (Mc3) Explanation video for parent training Comprehension Questions for 4 year olds (Mc4) Explanation video for parent training Comprehension Questions for 5 year olds (Mc5) Explanation video for parent training Comprehension Questions for 6 & 7 year olds (Mc6) Explanation video for parent training Comprehension Questions for 8 & 9 year olds (Mc8) Explanation video for parent training This publication is mentioned within the ‘Whole School Literacy Strategy’ booklet on page 8.