The Early Years (Ages 3 & 4) are a significat peroid in child's development. It is essential for Early Childhood theory to be balanced with opportunities for targeted and repeated skill development. This builds readiness
for the Foundation school year. For best outcomes, play and child centred approaches need to be balanced with targeted instruction. PLD has a range of downloads, resources, seminars and products to help you implement this approach in your classrooms.
Download the Early Years Screens: https://pld-literacy.org/screening-tools/ - refer to Early Years Pre-literacy Screen.
Register for the Early Years tracking sheets: https://pld-literacy.org/monitoring/
Download the 2020 Whole School Literacy Plan for Australian Primary Schools here: https://pld-literacy.org/product/pld-whole-school-literacy-strategy/
Kindergarten (WA, QLD, SA, TAS) Preschool (ACT, NT, NSW, VIC)
The alphabet is a set of letters (or symbols) which represent the sounds contained within the speech of a particular language. The English alphabet system is made up of 26 upper-case and 26 lower case symbols. (A – Z). Each alphabet symbol has an associated letter name and common ‘sound’. For children soon to acquire early reading skills, the lower-case symbols and alphabet sounds are the most important elements to master. Once reading, the recall and formation of the alphabet symbols will need to be developed in order for children to develop spelling and writing skills.
Researchers consistently report that synthetic phonics instruction is an important element of teaching reading and spelling. Through (synthetic) phonics instruction students learn to ‘sound-out’ words, rather than recognising whole words. Disciplined coverage of the phonic principles helps explain how many words are formed on the basis of the sounds contained within speech. The blending and segmentation of the sounds within words helps embed the phonic concepts (e.g. sh, ou or au) being instructed and leads to superior reading of regular and irregular words.
Phonological Awareness is the ability to think about the sounds within words (as opposed to focusing upon the meaning of words). Research explains that phonological awareness is strong predictor of early literacy acquisition. Phonological awareness is reported to unlock the mystery of word recognition and spelling. Once children understand that words are comprised of sounds, the mapping of the alphabet and phonics occurs with greater ease. Syllabification, rhyme, initial sounds, onset and time blending and segmenting are all phonological awareness tasks.