Foundation year Language, Literacy & Motor Developmental Milestones
A booklet that provides an overview of language, literacy and motor milestones for children in the foundation year (5 and 6 year olds). Tips for home and causes for concern are also outlined. The booklet can be photocopied back to back and then folded in half to provide a compact reference.
Life at Five! The five year old is characterised by energy and imagination. They are creative problem-solvers who are very interested in how the world
Oral Language Concept Development – Ages 2 – 6
A milestone and information sheet which outlines the timeline for developing oral language concepts in children aged 2 to 6 years.
Developing Cutting Skills Milestones – Ages 3 – 6
A milestone sheet which identifies age based norms for developing cutting skills in children aged 3 to 6 years.
Over a period of several years, children progress through several steps when learning to cut with scissors. Step 1 – Children learn to hold scissors
Ages and Stages of Literacy Development – Ages 3 – 12
A fact sheet which identifies age related milestones for literacy development in children from 3 years of age. Included are decoding and spelling skill checklists for Stage 1 (or Year 1) through to Stage 5 (or Year 5).
Many parents wonder if their child’s reading skills are developing at the normal rate. While there are individual differences, there is a general progression of
Speech and Language Development Milestones Posters and Sheets – 6 years old
This milestone poster/sheet details the speech and language developmental milestones for 6 year olds.
Designed by speech and language pathologists, the speech and language milestone sheets provide a list of typical milestones that should be attained by specific ages. In the event that a child is not demonstrating what is expected for their age, it is recommended that a speech pathologist is consulted. The sheets also include specific causes for concern and suggestions for parents within the home.
While PLD no longer offers a clinic, the following download may be useful when seeking specific information from the school or the early childhood service for the speech pathologist: Observations of a student to accompany a referral to a SP.
The following implementation booklet outlines how PLD speech pathology designed programs can be applied to schools. Refer to pages 7, 11, 12 and 18.
Other related milestone sheets and videos have been listed below:
5 years of age:
Copyright: PLD printed materials belong solely to the authorised purchaser and may not be shared with colleagues, parents or anyone else. PLD printed materials can not be uploaded to school servers, intranets or online platforms. A quick FAQ on how you can and can't use PLD printed materials can be found HERE.
Copyright: For copyright purposes, every page of the PLD eBooks will be stamped with the name & email address provided by the purchaser at the time of order. PLD ebooks belong solely to the purchaser and may not be shared with colleagues, parents or anyone else. PLD eBooks can not be uploaded to school servers, intranets or online platforms. Schools wishing to license PLD eBooks can contact us HERE.
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Comprehension Questions for 6 and 7 Year OldsFrom $65.00$65.00 incl. GST
A home or school picture book program for 6 and 7 year olds.
The aim of Comprehension Questions for 6 & 7 Year Olds is to train parents and teachers to ask developmentally appropriate questions and to evaluate the quality of a child’s oral answer. If an insufficient answer is provided by a child, there are examples of how to assist the child to answer the question specifically with sufficient information. From 6 years of age, students should love engaging with their peers and adults. Therefore, the ability to understand questions is critical for participation in social interactions and success across all curriculum areas. Comprehension Questions for 6 & 7 Year Olds has been developed as an essential resource for Oral Language Development. At this age, questions require students to predict, interpret and evaluate. For example: What would you do? Which part of the story? What would happen if…? How can we tell…? Designed by Speech Pathologists for teachers and parents for use in schools, daycare and in the home this program provides 6 and 7 year olds with: Lists of developmentally appropriate picture books and comprehension questions. Samples of 6 and 7 year old age-appropriate answers and samples of inadequate answers. Techniques and strategies to implement when a child provides an inadequate answer. An instruction booklet that outlines how the resource can be presented to a whole class, small groups or individual home setting. Each card reminds the importance of repeated reading of picture books and outlines a collection of questions to be asked on day 1, then further questions to be asked on days 2, 3 and 4. 40 cards that model appropriate questions and responses for the books listed in the Recommended Books for 6 and 7 Year Olds such as ‘Arthur’, ‘Ella Kazoo Will Not Brush Her Hair’, ‘The Rainbow Fish’, ‘Possum Magic’. The questions are primarily inferential, predictive, evaluative and appreciative type questions. Two easy to administer progress checks; are included, to check on the acquisition of comprehension questioning ability. The other programs within the range include: Comprehension Questions for 3 year olds (Mc3) & Explanation video for parent training Comprehension Questions for 4 year olds (Mc4) & Explanation video for parent training Comprehension Questions for 5 year olds (Mc5) & Explanation video for parent training Comprehension Questions for 6 & 7 year olds (Mc6) & Explanation video for parent training Comprehension Questions for 8 & 9 year olds (Mc8) & Explanation video for parent training This publication is mentioned within the ‘Whole School Literacy Strategy’ booklet on page 20.
Essential Foundation Oral Language Starter Pack
Oral language bundle of resources for news telling, oral comprehension, semantics and language games.
Within the Foundation Year, students should be taught how to verbalise the vocabulary for a range of semantic groups, generate sentences for writing relatively independently
Connecting Oral and Written Language – Step 1From $65.00$65.00 incl. GST
Instructional material outlining how to teach 6 to 8 year olds narrative oral retelling, rewriting and generation.
Although there are many types of genres, the most complex genre is narrative. The production of a narrative is more cognitively and linguistically demanding than participation in a conversation. Research repeatedly reports that narrative programs positively impact overall reading comprehension and written expression ability. Hence once skills are developed in this area, there is a flow on effect to all other forms of comprehension and written work. Within Connecting Oral and Written Language – Step 1 the initial oral stage is incredibly important. From a Speech Pathology perspective, oral expression ability is the precursor to written expression ability. Too often students are required to generate narratives before solid foundation skills are established. Remember students need to be provided with multiple opportunities to analyse and orally retell familiar narratives. In this way, they are rehearsing and practicing their oral language skills and simultaneously developing a solid understanding of narrative structure. Remember do not underestimate the value of the initial oral stages of narrative skills development. This program, designed by Speech Pathologists for 6 to 8 year olds features: Narrative tasks are presented in an order of ascending complexity (i.e. pre-narrative, oral narrative retells, written narrative retells and finally narrative generation). The manual outlines how to instruct 6 to 8 year old narrative ability and recommends over 45 suitable picture books. The classroom pack includes explicit narrative structure cards and display posters There is a follow up resource – Connecting Oral and Written Language – Step 2 for 9-12 Year Olds. This publication is mentioned within the Whole School Literacy Strategy booklet on page 20.
10 Minute Language Games – Set 2From $65.00$65.00 incl. GST
Developing vocabulary and the ability to speak in sentences.
Designed by speech pathologists for teachers and parents, 10 Minute Language Games – Set 2 for 4 to 6-year-olds presents numerous short fast-paced games and activities that are fun and engaging and which facilitate: Vocabulary expansion Practice retrieving theme-based vocabulary from children’s ‘mental dictionaries’ The application of theme-based vocabulary to categorising and description tasks Examples of age-appropriate and non-age appropriate answers Children with language and semantic delays will often have: Gaps in their vocabulary. Difficulty retrieving their vocabulary from their mental dictionaries. Children with vocabulary retrieval problems will inconsistently retrieve appropriate words (e.g. on occasions they will label ‘lion’ appropriately and on other occasions, the labels ‘tiger or leopard’ will be used.) Other children may demonstrate relatively age-appropriate vocabularies but are non- automatic in the retrieval of the appropriate words. These children typically require additional ‘think’ or processing time. Activity 1 – Naming and Speaking in Single Words: The vocabulary-based games are fun and engaging ways to rehearse the labelling of common category based items. Activity 2 – Sorting and Speaking in Short Sentences: In the sorting tasks children are given the opportunity to become familiar with the characteristics that best describe the pictured items. Activity 3 – Describing and Connecting Several Sentences Together: In the describing tasks children are given the opportunity to give clues and therefore describe the pictured items. Each theme has 3 activity cards and 24 colour vocabulary cards. We recommend introducing the themes in the following order: Fruit & Vegetables, Weather & Seasons, Animals, Under the Sea, Minibeasts & Occupations.