PLD’s High Frequency Words (HFW’s)

High-frequency words (HFWs) encompass both phonetically regular and irregular common words that require little effort for recall, forming what is known as the orthographic lexicon or sight vocabulary. Historically, they have been referred to as "sight words." However, the term "sight word" can be interpreted in different ways. It may incorrectly imply that these commonly used words should be memorised exclusively through visual means. Research supports the idea that these words should not be taught as complete visual units without considering the sound-to-letter correspondences, or phoneme-grapheme relationships. A more effective approach is to view "sight words" as high frequency words (HFWs) that require explicit instruction, eventually leading to sight-based recognition. The ultimate goal is for these words to be automatically recognised through systematic and explicit teaching of speech-sound mapping.

Integration of High Frequency Words Within SSP

High-frequency words (HFWs) are essential common words that significantly support early literacy development. Whilst some HFWs follow regular phonetic patterns, others are irregular. PLD’s approach to teaching HFWs is always intertwined with the instruction of phonic concepts in PLD’s Stages 1, 2, and 3.  For additional guidance on teaching HFWs, please refer to our resources here.

Teaching High-Frequency Words – Available August 2024

Phonic & High Frequency Words Charts
Year 1
Phonic & High Frequency Words Charts
Year 2
Phonic & High Frequency Words Charts
Year 3
Phonic & High Frequency Words Charts
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