A Whole School Approach to Developing Narrative Skills

Year Level: 3 & 4 year old, 5 & 6 year old, Year 1 & 2, Years 3 to 6

An information sheet outlining a step by step, whole school approach to developing narrative skills using PLD’s programs.

Research focused on narrative ability has repeatedly reported a correlation between literacy and academic achievement. Narrative training programs have also been shown to produce positive growth in reading comprehension and written expression ability.
As increasing numbers of children are entering the education system with immature language skills, this progressive program aims to maximise children’s language profile and thereby their overall academic
achievement.

 

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  • A Whole School Approach to Developing Narrative Skills
    Narrative Retelling Program Fact Sheet

    Here is a 4-day plan that you can use in school or at home to help your children develop their narrative telling skills. Over an 8 – 12 week period the task of story retelling should greatly improve. Children should provide more information about the story, use more complex sentences, more complex vocabulary and retell […]

    Here is a 4-day plan that you can use in school or at home to help your children develop their narrative telling skills. Over an

  • A Whole School Approach to Developing Narrative Skills
    Year 1 & 2 Language and Literacy Developmental Milestones

    A booklet that provides an overview of language, literacy and motor milestones for children in Year 1 and 2 (Lower Primary – 6 to 7 year olds). Tips for home and causes for concern are also outlined. The booklet can be photocopied back to back and then folded in half to provide a compact reference.

    Children in Year 1 and 2 are characterised by curiosity and a desire to share their ideas with others. Literacy becomes a focus with children

  • A Whole School Approach to Developing Narrative Skills
    Speech and Language Development Milestones Posters and Sheets – 6 years old

    This milestone poster/sheet details the speech and language developmental milestones for 6 year olds.

    Designed by speech and language pathologists, the speech and language milestone sheets provide a list of typical milestones that should be attained by specific ages.

  • A Whole School Approach to Developing Narrative Skills
    PLD’s 2020 Whole School Literacy Plan

    The document outlines how to implement PLD’s literacy, Movement and Motor and Oral Language resources during the Early Years, Foundation, Year 1 & 2 and across Years 3 to 6. Each page provides suggested time frames and implementation recommendations.

    The purpose of this document is to provide an implementation outline to assist schools in scheduling the PLD programs within a broad school-based strategy. When

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    A resource helping children to start expressing themselves verbally and in writing on the basis of multiple picture prompts.

    Generating Narratives – Set 1 is designed for Year 1 through to Year 6 students and supports the generation of oral and written narratives. Through picture sequences, this teacher resource contains 10 storylines and 30 x A4 picture cards which illustrate the structure of narratives. For example, each storyline consists of an introduction picture, a picture of a problem (or complication) and a picture of how the characters are feeling. This pack contains the following story themes in A4 narrative structure card format: Scarecrow Pet Dog On The Loose Surprise Hatch Late For School Car Accident Flooded Town Escape Rabbit Campsite Danger Bolting Horse Baby Bird Falling The picture sets illustrate the core initial components of narratives (i.e. introductions, problems and character’s thoughts and feelings.) The card sets have been designed to support student’s understanding of narratives and to assist students in the process of generating the content of narratives. The card sets provide multiple opportunities for students to rehearse narrative composition in a supported and structured manner.

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    Generating Narratives – Set 2 is designed for students aged 6 to 12 and supports the generation of oral and written narratives. Through picture sequences, this teacher resource contains 10 storylines and 30 x A4 picture cards which illustrate the structure of narratives. For example, each storyline consists of an introduction picture, a picture of a problem (or complication) and a picture of how the characters are feeling. This pack contains the following story themes in A4 narrative structure card format: Escape from prison Leaky Boar Storm Ruins Picnic The Fly Away Kite Soccer Grand Final Car Breakdown Hairdressing Disaster UFO House On Fire Shark Attack The picture sets illustrate the core initial components of narratives (i.e. introductions, problems and character’s thoughts and feelings.) The card sets have been designed to support student’s understanding of narratives and to assist students in the process of generating the content of narratives. The card sets provide multiple opportunities for students to rehearse narrative composition in a supported and structured manner. This publication is mentioned within the Whole School Literacy Strategy booklet on page 23.

  • Developing News Telling and Narrative Skills For 4 Year Olds
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    A Whole School Approach to Developing Narrative Skills

    Oral language preparation for writing including show and tell, activity retells & news telling.

    Initially, all four-year-olds will require support with activity retells. However if after a period of teaching they appear anxious or produce inadequate information then they may need additional support and repetition to further develop their skills. That’s why we have created Developing News Telling and Narrative Skills for 4-Year-Olds. For students with delayed language it is recommended that concrete visual aids are used to assist in the organisation and sequence of the news telling. Initially, the retells will need to occur directly after the activity, this way the materials are still present to be used as visual cues and the sequence is relatively fresh. Before commencing the activity it is recommended that the task is demonstrated step by step and explained using the language that is to be targeted in the retelling by the students. This program has been developed by Speech Pathologists for use in the classroom or home instruction, to help parents and teachers instruct 4-year-olds oral language skills in the following areas: activity retells, show and tell (or object descriptions) and event-based news. Includes: Instructions for how to implement at a whole class, small group and individual level. Pre-tests and post tests-to review progress and to determine the children who would benefit from visits to a Speech Pathologist Supporting cards and posts included Instruction manual (78 pages) 3 sets of A5 colour cards 5 x A3 colour posters There is a follow on resource for this series, for more check out Developing News Telling and Narrative Skills for 5 Year Olds here. This publication is mentioned within the ‘Whole School Literacy Strategy’ booklet on page 8.

  • Connecting Oral and Written Language – Step 1
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    A Whole School Approach to Developing Narrative Skills

    Instructional material outlining how to teach 6 to 8 year olds narrative oral retelling, rewriting and generation.

    Although there are many types of genres, the most complex genre is narrative. The production of a narrative is more cognitively and linguistically demanding than participation in a conversation. Research repeatedly reports that narrative programs positively impact overall reading comprehension and written expression ability. Hence once skills are developed in this area, there is a flow on effect to all other forms of comprehension and written work. Within Connecting Oral and Written Language – Step 1 the initial oral stage is incredibly important. From a Speech Pathology perspective, oral expression ability is the precursor to written expression ability. Too often students are required to generate narratives before solid foundation skills are established. Remember students need to be provided with multiple opportunities to analyse and orally retell familiar narratives. In this way, they are rehearsing and practicing their oral language skills and simultaneously developing a solid understanding of narrative structure. Remember do not underestimate the value of the initial oral stages of narrative skills development. This program, designed by Speech Pathologists for 6 to 8 year olds features: Narrative tasks are presented in an order of ascending complexity (i.e. pre-narrative, oral narrative retells, written narrative retells and finally narrative generation). The manual outlines how to instruct 6 to 8 year old narrative ability and recommends over 45 suitable picture books. The classroom pack includes explicit narrative structure cards and display posters There is a follow up resource – Connecting Oral and Written Language – Step 2 for 9-12 Year Olds. This publication is mentioned within the Whole School Literacy Strategy booklet on page 20.