Foundation year Language, Literacy & Motor Developmental Milestones

Year Level: Foundation

A booklet that provides an overview of language, literacy and motor milestones for children in the foundation year (5 and 6 year olds). Tips for home and causes for concern are also outlined. The booklet can be photocopied back to back and then folded in half to provide a compact reference.

Life at Five! The five year old is characterised by energy and imagination. They are creative problem-solvers who are very interested in how the world works and why things are so. By now their language skills are well developed. They use clear speech, complex language and have extensive vocabularies which will continue to grow over the next few years. They are able to use increasingly descriptive language to question, to explain and to inform. During this foundational year of school, they will extend their language skills into literacy, with developing awareness of letters, sounds and a developing ability to read and spell in addition to an ability to discuss stories they have heard and retell stories or news. Fine and gross motor skills have also developed with the I’ve year old able to write, paint and dress themselves including an ability to deal with zippers and buttons. Five-year-olds tend to be very active and increasingly enjoy social interactions particularly with other children. They are developing a social independence and ability to maintain friendships. They are able to play fairly in simple games which have rules and will engage in complex imaginary play.

How to Use…
This booklet has been designed to give an overview of the language, literacy and motor milestones to be expected in a child of 5 years old in the Foundation year of schooling. Please keep in mind however, that every child’s development is unique and complex and a child may not follow these developmental milestones exactly. Although each child may develop skills at different rates, there is a predictable sequence of development. It is therefore important to consider the individual child when using these milestones.

Use these milestones and the associated tips and activity ideas to:
1. Gain a sense of your child’s strengths and areas requiring development.
2. Get tips for helping your child to develop strong language, literacy and motor skills.

REMEMBER: Always join in activities with your child. It is more fun to play together plus
your child will learn so much more!

See our Copyright Terms of Use at https://pld-literacy.org/help-pages/copyright-policy/.

 

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