Researchers consistently report that synthetic phonics instruction is an important element of teaching reading and spelling. Through (synthetic) phonics instruction students learn to ‘sound-out’ words, rather than recognising whole words. Disciplined coverage of the phonic principles helps explain how many words are formed on the basis of the sounds contained within speech. The blending and segmentation of the sounds within words helps embed the phonic concepts (e.g. sh, ou or au) being instructed and leads to superior reading of regular and irregular words.