The alphabet is a set of letters (or symbols) which represent the sounds contained within the speech of a particular language. The English alphabet system is made up of 26 upper-case and 26 lower case symbols. (A – Z). Each alphabet symbol has an associated letter name and common ‘sound’. For children soon to acquire early reading skills, the lower-case symbols and alphabet sounds are the most important elements to master. Once reading, the recall and formation of the alphabet symbols will need to be developed in order for children to develop spelling and writing skills.