Term 1: Using PLD Screens and Tracking Sheets for Monitoring Student Progress.
Step 1. Term 1 Week 1 Phonic & Sight Word Sequence Placement Test
It is essential that teachers utilise the full school year, and commence the PLD process within the first week of the school year.
PLD recognises that every junior primary class is different. The range in ability and the phonic-based teaching needs will differ from class to class. Determining the specific teaching needs of each class is derived at the beginning of the year with a Phonic Sight Word Sequence Placement Test.
NOTE: This Term 1 Placement Test as well as screens for the end of each term and a full scope and sequence can also be found in the Phonic and Sight Word Sequence program.
The placement test is designed to be presented to the whole class and that the spelling sample is collected in one sitting. Commence from Stage 1 and progress through the screen until students make at least 6 consecutive errors. The templates (available to download within the Phonic Sight Word Sequence Placement Test) are recommended, as they will assist in the marking and analysis of the spelling samples.
Step 2. Marking Screen Results
Within Stage 1 there are 4 individual targets (see the Phonic and Sight Word Sequence program for more information on these targets,) and each score with in the targets is converted into its own percentage. If students progress into Stages 2 or 3, an overall Stage percentage of accuracy is calculated. The results are then transferred into the PLD Tracking Spreadsheets for each Year 1 and/or 2 class on individual sheets.
Importantly only mark words as correct, if they are spelled correctly. If students spell the key phonic sound correctly, but make other errors in the word, the word is marked incorrect. Words are only marked as correct, when they are spelled accurately.
Step 3. Creating Targeted Teaching Groups
Once the testing results have been entered, it is important with the PLD process to establish three targeted teaching groups.
The following analysis process (see the video above for more detail on this process) aims to identify three class specific ability groups and hence targeted teaching groups for the term ahead. Two sample classes have been selected.
- Class 1 is a Year 1 class in which a number of students are unable to spell and this is combined with students who have varying levels of phonic-based spelling ability.
- Class 2 is a split Year 1/2 class, which are grouped according to developmental levels rather than age levels.
The following analysis process (see the video above for more detail on this process) aims to identify three class specific ability groups and hence targeted teaching groups for the term ahead.
This involves profiling each student and establishing teaching and learning goals for the term ahead. As a rule of thumb if students score 85% to 100% on one Stage then they are ready to progress onto the subsequent level. If a number of errors are made, the student needs further spelling instruction with these concepts. If students remain at a specific stage over a period, their percentage of accuracy should have increased.
Step 2 .
This involves establishing a class profile and clustering the individual profiles into three targeted teaching groups. A level of teacher discretion is needed for this in order to create the three groups.
For the purposes of this demonstration please note:
- the class sizes have been reduced to 20 students
- Surnames (column B) have been hidden
- A fairly general sample class’s test results have been entered.
- If a split Foundation/Year 1 class occurs (e.g. P/1) two separate spreadsheets will be required, one for the Foundation students in the class and the other for the Year 1 students in the class. If however a Year 1/2 or a Year 1/2/3 class existed a single spreadsheet can be utilised.
- It is important that each class has its own tracking sheet, to determine how the teacher is aiming to identify three targeted teaching groups on the basis of the spelling profile assessments.
Stay tuned for the second instalment: Term 1 Week 10 Screening and Tracking in Foundation.